His remaining compositions are in the collection Dasam Granth. Seven Sikh gurus composed shabads and sloks which together make up the majority of the collections featured in Guru Granth Sahib:. The 15 bhagats were holy men of various religious affiliations whose compositions were collected by the early Sikh Gurus.
A troupe of 17 minstrels and singers of ballads in the poetic style of Swaya, the Bhatts descended from the lineage of Hindu bard Bhagirath through ninth generation Raiya and sons, Bhikha, Sokha, Tokha, Gokha, Chokha, and Toda. The Bhatt compositions honor the gurus and their families.
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Share Flipboard Email. Updated February 16, Descended from minstrel families, Sikh bards associated closely with the Gurus. Mardana —3 sloks.
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Mardana a minstrel from a Muslim family played the rebab and accompanied First Guru Nanak Dev on his travels. Satai —1 var or ballad with Balwand. Balwand —1 var or ballad with Satai.
Siri Guru Granth Sahib Translation in Punjabi by Professor Sahib Singh
Baba Sunder —1 shabad. First Guru Nanak Dev — shabads and sloks. Second Guru Angad Dev —62 sloks. Third Guru Amar Das — shabads and sloks. Fourth Guru Raam Das — shabads and sloks.
Fifth Guru Arjun Dev —2, shabads and sloks. Ninth Guru Teg Bahadar —59 shabads and 56 sloks. Tenth Guru Gobind Singh —1 slok. Bhagat Beni —3 shabads. A recluse scholar, Beni spent much time absorbed in meditation. Bhagat Bhikan —2 shabads. Sheik Bhikan, a Sufi saint, and scholar of Islam, believed in the divine healing power of meditation on the divine. Bhagat Dhanna —4 shabads. A Hindu Jat and disciple of Ramanand, Dhanna renounced idolatry in favor of worshiping one divine entity. Bhagat Farid —4 shabads and sloks. Sheik Farid, a Sufi saint of Islamic origin renowned for his poetry lived a life of simplicity and contemplation on the divine.
Bhagat Jaidev —2 shabads. Born to a Brahman family, Jaidev became a famed poet in the court of a Bengali king but lived the sparse life as a wanderer until he eventually married. Bhagat Kabir — shabads, lines of verse. He married and raised a family.
Pahela Parkash Purab Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Kabir wrote hymns denouncing caste, idolatry, and ritual. Bhagat Namdev —61 shabads, lines of verse. Renowned as a Hindu saint, Namdev married early and had children. He traveled much of his life and settled in Punjab for about 20 years.
Bhagat Parmanand —1 shabad. A Hindu devotee of Krishna, Parmanand professed the belief in one divine being. Bhagat Pipa —1 shabad. Born a Hindu raja, Pipa renounced his kingdom and riches to study with Ramanand and devoted himself to a spiritual life of humble simplicity. Bhagat Ramanand —1 shabad. Bhagat Ravi Das —41 shabads.
Born to a Hindu cobbler of low caste, Ravi Das rose to spiritual heights as a disciple of Ramanand and in turn had many of his own disciples to whom he advised simple pious living. The structure of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib can be divided into three sections: pre-raag section, raag section, and post-raag section. It commences with philosophically dense ideas in Mool Mantra ang 1 , considered the basis of Sikh theology. The raag section is ordered principally according to raag: grouping together all the compositions in a particular raag and progressing through the This gives the structural formation of Guru Granth Sahib a strong aesthetic value.
A raag creates a distinct mood in music by invoking specific feelings with its patterns of notes and tones of expression. Engaging the listener emotionally in this way increases the delivery power of a shabad. The raag not only complements but also elevates the overall message.
Shri Guru Granth Sahib
To understand the context and true meaning of each shabad, it is of supreme importance to acknowledge and apply the emotions of the specified raag. The raag enables us to capture the mood in which we are to receive the words. Without applying the raag, the shabad could be manipulated to produce various meanings, which would be unjust to its original purpose.
Within each raag segment the poetic material is organised first by meter: shabads, such as chaupadas quatrains and astpadis octets , followed by chhants six-line lyrics , then vaars long narrative ballads consisting of pauris stanzas and saloks a freer verse form and finally poems by Bhagats. Within each meter , the compositions are further ordered by author.
fpplatformturbon.dev3.develag.com/map2.php Then the works of the Bhagats are set out, with Kabir given the principal place. The names of the Bhagats and saints are given with their compositions. There are 17 ghars; they appear in numerical order from Ghar 1 to Ghar
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