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Maree and Cecilia M. Racial oppression, colonization, and identity: towards an empowerment model for people of African heritage Alex L. Pieterse, Dennis Howitt and Anthony V. Naidoo; Part II. Contexts of Counseling: 7.

Counseling People of African Ancestry (Hardcover)

Kasayira and Carol Noela Van der Wethuizen; 8. Counseling students at tertiary institutions Ilse Ruane, Joseph M. Kasayira and Elizabeth N. Shino; 9. Pastoral care and counseling Danil Johannes Louw; Diversity counseling with African Americans Debra A. Harley and Kim L.

Stansbury; Counseling Applications: Counseling for trauma David J. Edwards and Linda Eskell Blokland; Substance use disorder counseling Monika M. Rataemane, Elias Mpofu and Andreas Plddemann; Schweitzer and Elias Mpofu; Treatment is a partnership that can only be successful with mutual respect, and for this to occur it remains the duty of the therapist to become culturally competent and sensitive to disparities, and in turn, communicate support and understanding to the patient.

African Americans look for subtle cues to determine if a therapist holds racist attitudes, as many are afraid of being mistreated due to their race or ethnicity. These concerns are not unfounded, as a lower social status makes African Americans more vulnerable to abuse, particularly in a medical setting, where the clinician is considered the authority figure. A recent study by Snowden et al.

To completely eliminate mental health disparities, clinicians must be willing to undertake an honest self-examination of their own conscious and unconscious attitudes about race, including preconceived notions about who would be a good client. By increasing the cultural competence and social awareness of all clinicians, the mental health system can begin to shed its bias against ethnic minorities. This would result in greater understanding and empathy for the patient's experience, improved treatment outcomes, and more African Americans willing to take a chance with mental health care.

Alvidrez, J. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 19, Suite, D. Beyond misdiagnosis, misunderstanding and mistrust: relevance of the historical perspective in the medical and mental health treatment of people of color. Journal of the National Medical Association, 99 8 , Thompson, V. African Americans' perceptions of psychotherapy and psychotherapists.

Afro-Brazilians seeking to unearth their African ancestry

Professional Psychological Research and Practice, 35 1 , Tolin, D. Stepped care for obsessive-compulsive disorder: A pilot study.

Counseling People of African Ancestry (e-bok) | Mpofu | ARK Bokhandel

Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 4, It is certainly the case that most African Americans do not regard psychotherapy as a good use of time and money. Whatever their reasons may be they see better value elsewhere; in a lot of cases this is mere poverty. Money that could be spent feeding children; time that could be spent earning money or on money-saving housework.

I have never seen a black or african american therapist and also Never before saw a black client in waiting room either. Seems that we white people are most or their problems. Maybe more blacks should be encouraged to become therapist and have an online visit for sessions too. Maybe there would be better relationships and ease of communications.

I think this was the case years ago. More black people are making it known that it's okay to seek therapy, but at the same time, they don't see the point in someone else telling them what's wrong with them when they already know. The lack of money is a huge factor and that's the case with everything. I hope in years to come more black people and people in general seek professional help to live a smoother life. I've also recently decided to seek help from a mental health professional. I strongly support it, but I most likely wont share with my family that I am seeing someone. Now, that is a good question and I can only speak from what I see and I'd say that that's a fair assumption.

Most people outside and within my family would feel more comfortable taking to the pastor or God. While the poster above is correct that it's an impossible question to answer with a definitive answer, I'd say as a whole it MAYBE true. Many people from a variety of visible minority groups avoid counselling.

If they do seek counselling, it's because they've reached a crisis point or the law has intervened in some way, thus forcing them to participate in counselling. I'm from a visible minority group that heavily stigmatizes mentally ill people. I would never tell my friends and extended family members that I was seeing a psychiatrist for 3 years.

I won't be treated the same way ever again and if I want to get married, that will be a strike against me. Unfortunately too many in the Black community feel that seeking mental health is contrary to being a Christian or of other faith. But that is not the case.

Counseling People of African Ancestry

Seeking counseling is not an indictment, or a weakness, of one's faith. Quite the contrary. People say they'll "look to God for everything"; but God can use others--as in doctors--to aid in the healing plan, whether physical or psychological. There is an increasing interest, in the UK, in the question of why Asian for this we typically mean those whose from an Indian sub-continent ethnic grouping women are so reticent to seek psychotherapy.

I've yet to find a definitive piece of research on the question.

A Publication of the American Counseling Association

It's likely, I feel, to stem from the same factors: i. I'd be grateful if anybody could point to me to any research on this. Best wishes. Shariff, Aneesa Ethnic identity and parenting stress in South Asian families: Implications for culturally sensitive counselling. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 43, The psychology that is practiced in this country wasn't really meant for the understanding of all races. The problem with psychology is that it's mostly about theories, so that it will not exactly solve all mental problems that we face today.

As African Americans, we continuously face a system that wasn't exactly created to bring US the freedom that we had hoped at least that's how many of us feel. When you factor in the different struggles that we have endured throughout the centuries, not just racism but even amongst our own kind, psychotherapy is just not an option for us. I'm not trying to start an argument with anyone and I'm not saying that you didn't make valid points.

It's just what I believe.

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Thank you Mark for you comment. I completely agree with you. I know I need therapy and when I had therapy in the past it was always with a White therapist, which did not help me all that much.


I prefer to have a Black therapist, because when it comes to racism, that therapist will understand what I am going through and where I am coming from. My completely unprofessional opinion is that too many forms of therapy, such as CBT and mindfulness, can be seen to promote passivity, suppression of dissent, self-doubt, an overemphasis on being "nice" and communicating in ways that are extremely narrow and unnatural to many people from non-Anglo-Saxon cultures, and blind acceptance of one's place in the status quo. It's not just people of color who are affected by this, although it's very easy for me to see why being told to unconditionally "love what is" and be perpetually attuned to the needs and whims of others would not sit well with someone whose ancestors dealt with about years' worth of slavery, servitude, and inequality.

African-American is capitalized. Black unless starting a sentence is not. Same with white. If a person is Jamaican it is capitalized, much like a white person from Sweden is.

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  • Capitalizing black in a sentence looks ignorant and defensive and displays poor grammar. Ironically, it can even look militantly defensive which would, indeed, suggest a need for counseling!! Perhaps black folks are not wrong when they are suspicious of therapy as a tool to help them "adjust" to a racist society? Unless the therapy contained an element of encouraging some political empowerment, it might correctly seem like a tool of the dominant culture to keep black people from rebelling against their oppressors. Particularly given the DSM's penchant for blaming the victim of almost any form of oppression, I can't fault a black person for staying far away from any "therapy" designed to "help them adjust" to our oppressive social conditions in the USA today.

    Mind blown I swear you said it perfectly what bothers me is the fact you tie in welfare and constantly have social workers in your life from young and ready to tear up the family. This stigma starts from young and its highly traumatizing PTSD. Rather than give the family the tools it needs to remain they dissolve it and your left in a questionable environment and have feelings of insecurity. No one tells you why and you can't communicate with your loved ones. This leaves anyone confused, insecure, scared and leery of dealings with these types in the future. All families need tools sometimes we don't know how to ask for help or how to get it.

    Sometimes we don't recognizewe need it. The point is the stigma starts from that traumatic event and its happened so often its become a rite of passage. It's disgusting.

    Try having a semi normal life when these events occur constantly. You end up feeling like they will use your feelings and words against you. So in order to protect yourself and your family you clam up. So the suffering cycle continues but worse in silence. African Americans with the greatest sense of racial identity also had higher self-esteem.

    Taken together, this means that racial identity is paramount to the mental health of this group. Therefore, race is a salient factor in counseling for African American clients.